Effect of the impact angle of evaporated particles on behavior of the Ti EB PVD coating


  • D. Kottfer Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University, Kosice, Slovak Republic
  • M. Ferdinandy Institute of Materials Research, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Košice, Slovak Republic
  • L. Kaczmarek Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland
  • Mariana Kuffová Armed Forces Academy of general M. R. Stefanik Department of Mechanical Engineering
  • P. Hvizdoš Institute of Materials Research, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Košice, Slovak Republic


Evaporation, EB PVD, hardness, coefficient of the friction, wear


Mechanical and tribological properties of Ti coating deposited by physical vapor deposition (PVD) technique using electron beam to activated evaporation of Ti onto steel OCHN3 MFA are evaluated. Thickness and grain growth direction are assessed by means of scanning electron microscopy, chemical composition of both coating and substrate are measured using EDX. The coefficient of friction (COF) and wear was evaluated by Pin-on-disc test. Adhesion was tested using scratch testing. Wear of the coating was expressed as loss of material (volume and mass) after the scratch testing. Hardness and Young´s modulus were found to be from 3.8 GPa to 7.6 GPa and from 65 GPa to 200 GPa, respectively. Values of adhesion were from 10 N to 58 N depending on angle of incidence of the evaporated Ti particles with the coated surface. The measured values of the studied properties were compared with the literature data for Ti PVD coatings.


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How to Cite

Kottfer, D., Ferdinandy, M., Kaczmarek, L., Kuffová, M., & Hvizdoš, P. (2014). Effect of the impact angle of evaporated particles on behavior of the Ti EB PVD coating. Advances in Military Technology, 9(1), 5–18. Retrieved from https://aimt.cz/index.php/aimt/article/view/1010



Research Paper