Effect of the impact angle of evaporated particles on behavior of the Ti EB PVD coating
Keywords:Evaporation, EB PVD, hardness, coefficient of the friction, wear
Mechanical and tribological properties of Ti coating deposited by physical vapor deposition (PVD) technique using electron beam to activated evaporation of Ti onto steel OCHN3 MFA are evaluated. Thickness and grain growth direction are assessed by means of scanning electron microscopy, chemical composition of both coating and substrate are measured using EDX. The coefficient of friction (COF) and wear was evaluated by Pin-on-disc test. Adhesion was tested using scratch testing. Wear of the coating was expressed as loss of material (volume and mass) after the scratch testing. Hardness and Young´s modulus were found to be from 3.8 GPa to 7.6 GPa and from 65 GPa to 200 GPa, respectively. Values of adhesion were from 10 N to 58 N depending on angle of incidence of the evaporated Ti particles with the coated surface. The measured values of the studied properties were compared with the literature data for Ti PVD coatings.
ZHAO, Y. and LIN, G. and XIAO, J. and DONG, CH. And WEN, L. TiN/TiC multilayer films deposited by pulse biased arc ion plating. Vacuum . 2010, no. 85 p. 1–4.
ENDRINO, J. L. and DERFLINGER, V. The influence of alloying elements on the phase stability and mechanical properties of AlCrN coatings. Surface & Coatings Technology. 2005, no. 200, p. 988 – 992.
TLILI, B. and MUSTAPHA, N. and NOUVEAU, C. and BENLATRECHE, Y. and GUILLEMOT, G. and . LAMBERTIN, MCorrelation between thermal properties and aluminum fractions in CrAlN layers, deposited by PVD technique. Vacuum , 2010, no. 84, p. 1067–1074.
TANNO, Z. and AZUSHIMA, A. Effect of counter materials on coefficients of friction of TiN coatings with preferred grain orientations. Wear, 2009, no. 266, p. 1178–1184.
PAKUŁA, D. and DOBRZANSKI, L.A. and GOŁOMBEK, K. and PANCIELEJKO, M. and KŘIŽ, A. Structure and properties of the Si3N4 nitride ceramics with hard wear resistant coatings. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 2004, no. 157–158, p. 388–393.
FOX-RABINOVICH, G.S. and YAMAMOTO, K. and VELDHUIS, S.C. and KOVALEV, A.I. and DOSBAEVA, G.K. Tribological adaptability of TiAlCrN PVD coatings under high performance dry machining conditions. Surf. Coat. Technol. 2005, no. 200, p. 1804.
WENDLER B. and KACZMAREK Ł. and KLIMEK L. and RYLSKI A. and JACHOWICZ M. Nanocrystalline _- TiAl based microalloyed coatings as gas corrosion barriers. Rewiews on Advanced Materials Science . 2004, no. 8, p. 116-121.
CAICEIRO J. C. and CABRERA G. and CAICEIDO H. H. and AMAYA C. and APERADOR W. Nature in corrosion-erosion surface for [TiN/TiAlN]n nanometric multilayers growth on AISI 1045 steel. Thin Solid Films. 2012, no. 520, p. 4350-4361.
KOVALEV, A.I. and WAINSTEIN, D.L. and RASHKOVSKIY, A.Y. and FOX-RABINOVICH, G.S. and YAMAMOTO, K. and VELDHUIS, S. and AGUIRRE, M. and BEAKE, B.D. Impact of Al and Cr alloying in TiN-based PVD coatings on cutting performance during machining of hard to cut materials. Vacuum . 2010, no. 84, p. 184–187.
JAMAL, T. and NIMMAGADA, R. and BUNSHAH, R.F. Friction and Adhesive Wear of Titanium Carbide and Titanium Nitride Overlay Coatings. Thin Solid Films. 1980, no. 73, p. 245-254.
PERZYNSKI, K. and MAJOR, Ł. and MADEJ, Ł. and PIETRZYK, M. Analysis of the Stress Concentration in the Nanomultilayer Coatings Based on Digital Representation of the Structure. Archives of Metallurgy and Materials, 2011, vol. 56, no. 2, p. 393-399.
MATTHEWS, A. and LEFKOW, A.R. Problems in the physical vapour deposition of titanium nitride. Thin Solid Films, 1985, no. 126, p. 283-291.
KOTTFER, D. Thin coatings on internal cylindrical surfaces (in slovak), Habilitation thesis, Technical university of Košice, Faculty of mechanical engineering, 2010, p.92.
KATARIA, S. and RAMASESHAN, R. and DASH S. and TYAGI, A. K. Nanoindentation and Scratch Studies on Magnetron Sputtered Ti Thin Films. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 2009, no. 9, p. 5476–5479.
KATARIA, S. and KUMAR, N. and DASH, S. and TYAGI, A.K. Tribological and deformation behaviour of titanium coating under different sliding contact conditions. Wear, 2010, no. 269, p. 797–803.
CHELLIAH, N. and Kailas, S.V. Synergy between tribo-oxidation and strain rate response on governing the dry sliding wear behaviour of titanium. Wear, 2009, no. 266, p. 704–712.
BHUSHAN, B. and GUPTA, B. K. Handbook of tribolohy, McGraw-Hill Inc. ISBN 0-07-005249-2 (1991) p. 1069.
RANDALL, N. X. Finer particle size allows better coating characterisation with the Calotest, Applications bulletin, Dokument AB No5, CSM Instruments, Advanced Mechanical Surface Testing, October 1997.
RANDALL, N. X. Development and application of a multifunctional nanotribological tool, PhD Thesis, University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland,1997
XU, J. and KAMIKO, M. and SAWADA, H. and ZHOU, Y. and YAMAMOTO, R. and YU, L. and KOJIMA, I. Structure, hardness, and elastic modulus of Pd/Ti nanostructured multilayer films. J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 21.6., Nov-Dec 2003.
KIM, G. S. and LEE, S.Y. and HAHN, J.H. and LEE, B.Y. and HAN, J.G. and LEE, J.H. and LEE, S.Y. Effects of the thickness of Ti buffer layer on the mechanical properties of TiN coatings. Surface and Coatings Technology, 2003, no. 171, p. 83–90.
VOEVODIN, A.A. and CAPANO, M.A. and LAUBE, S.J.P. and DONLEY, M.S. and ZABINSKI, J.S. Design of a Ti/TiC/DLC functionally gradient coating based on studies of structural transitions in Ti–C thin films. Thin Solid Films , 1997, no. 298, p. 107–115.
MIYOSHI, K. and POHLCHUCK, B. and STREET, K. W. and ZABINSKI, J.S. and SANDERS, J.H. and VOEVODIN, A.A. and WU, R.L.C. Sliding wear and fretting wear of diamond like carbon-based, functionally graded nanocomposite coatings. Wear , 1999, no. 225–229, p. 65–73.
STUDENÝ, Z. and HRUBÝ, V. and SVOBODA, E. and KUSMIC, D. Surface thophology and chemical analysis of hydroxyapatite coatings enriched with AgNO3K. Layers and Coatings 2012. Roznov pod Radhostem, 2012, p. 115 – 120
CHU, K. and LU, Y.H. and SHEN, Y.G. Structural and mechanical properties of titanium and titanium diboride monolayers and Ti/TiB2 multilayers. Thin Solid Films, 2008, Vol. 516, p. 5313–5317.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2014 Advances in Military Technology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
Users can use, reuse and build upon the material published in the journal for any purpose, even commercially.