Heat Stress Control Mechanisms in Military Operations
Keywords:heat illness, adaptation to heat, immersion cooling, personal cooling systems
Heat-related illnesses are a problem for a lot of troops in the world. Thus, this work aimed to analyze the thermal stress control mechanisms applicable to troops in military operations. For this reason, it was chosen to address the following topics: basic aspects of thermoregulation in hot environments, and heat stress control mechanisms in military operations (adaptation to heat; rest, hydration, and replenishment of hydro-electrolytes; immersion cooling; and personal cooling systems). It can be concluded that some operational situations can impose thermal stress on the military beyond normal thermoregulatory capacity, requiring adequate intervention to dissipate body heat and maintain work capacity over time.
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