Robot as a Member of Combat Unit A Utopia or Reality for Ground Forces?
Keywords:after action report, armed UGV, autonomy of UGV, controls of UGV, force multiplier, mechanized infantry, restricted terrain UGV, urban operation
There is a perceptible scepticism around armed robot in combat units – the question whether to use it or not. The EOD robots (EOD – Explosive Ordnance Disposal) won their way to war theatre already, but other support assets on UGV platforms (UGV – Unmanned Ground Vehicles) need to be trusted in future, too. One of the reasons for distrust could be a discussion gap between researchers and infantry units on the lowest tactical level. The article tries to set simple demands throughout infantryman-eyes perspective and it outlines needs for the UGV in the mechanized / infantry units in a first part. The second part outlines basic technical and tactical specification as a challenging list for development teams. Finally, the third part proposes two notional AAR (After Action Report) reports of units using UGV for support. The article sets basic questions of themes as the autonomy and controls of UGVs and UGV in ISTAR systems (ISTAR – Intelligence Surveillance Target Acquisition Reconnaissance).
MATEJKA, J. Unmanned Ground Vehicle as a Force Multiplier in Urban Operations (in Slovak). Vojenské rozhledy, 2017, vol. 26, no. 4, p. 119-134. ISSN 1210-3292.
HÉMEZ, R. Eurosatory 2018. Session Use of Automated Systems – Control, Security, Effects. Paris. Personal communication.
SINGER, P.W. Wired for War: The Robotics Revolution and Conflict in the Twenty-first Century. New York: Penguin Press, 2009. 499 p. ISBN 978-0-14-311684-4.
Eurosatory 2018: French Company SD4E Unveils Snibot as Hyperprecision Robot for Sniping [on‐line]. 2018. [cited 2019-01-23]. Available from: https://www.armyrecognition.com/eurosatory_2018_official_news_online/eurosatry_2018_french_company_sd4e_unveils_snibot_as_hyperprecision_robot_for_sniping.html
OFFICE OF THE CHAIRMAN OF THE JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF. DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms [on‐line]. Washington DC: The Joint Staff, 2019. 382 p. [cited 2019-07-2]. Available from: https://www.jcs.mil/Portals/36/Documents/Doctrine/pubs/dictionary.pdf
ZBOŘIL, I. and CHLUP, V. Before the System of the Soldier for the Czech Army Acquisition (in Czech). Fine Mechanics and Optics, 2009, vol. 4, p. 95-108. ISSN 0447-6441.
ENGLAND, J. BAE Sytems Black Knight Tank – Unmanned Combat Vehicle. Military Machine [on‐line]. January 2019. [cited 2019-02-21]. Available from: https://militarymachine.com/black-knight-tank
LYSITSIN, P. Prepare to be Terminated – Russia readies First Robot Tank, Shows off Armata at Arms Expo. RIA Novosti [on‐line]. September 2015. Available from: https://www.rt.com/news/314963-armata-autonomous-combat-system
NATO. Standardization Agreement (STANAG 4569) Protection Levels for Occupants of Armoured Vehicles. Brussels: NATO, 2014. 8 p.
Electro Optic Systems [on‐line]. EOR400S-Mk2 Datasheet. [cited 2019-02-19]. Available from: https://www.eos-aus.com/defence
Nexter OPTIO X-20 [on‐line]. Nexter Systems SA. 2 p. [cited 2019-03-04]. Available from: https://www.nexter-group.fr/sites/default/files/fichiers-catalogue-produit/OPTIO.pdf
Kongsberg PROTECTOR Datasheet [on‐line]. Kongsberg Protech Systems. 24 p. [cited 2019-02-15]. Available from: https://www.kongsberg.com/contentassets/d3a34016b7dc459da15d3a239681e8df/protector_screen_1.pdf
BackTrail – Logistic Trailers for Combat Vehicles [on‐line]. Urdan Metal & Casting Industries Ltd. [cited 2019-04-10]. Available from: http://urdan.co.il/military/backtrail
Unmanned Systems Integrated Roadmap FY2011-2036. [on‐line]. 2011, p. 108. [cited 2019-02-21]. Available from: https://fas.org/irp/program/collect/usroadmap2011.pdf
SIRAK, M.C. Man on the Loop Air Force Magazine [on‐line]. January 2010. [cited 2019-01-11]. Available from: http://www.airforcemag.com/Features/newtech/Pages/box012510lord.aspx
CORN, G.S. Autonomous Weapon Systems: Managing the Inevitability of Taking the Man Out of the Loop [on‐line]. June 2014, 30 p. [cited 2019-02-04]. Available from: https://www.law.upenn.edu/live/files/3894-corn-understandingthe-loop-regulating-the-next
Qinetiq TRC Brochure. [on‐line]. Qinetiq North America Inc. [cited 2019-02-04]. Available from: https://qinetiq-na.com/products/unmanned-systems/trc/tacticalrobot-controller-trc
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2019 Advances in Military Technology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
Users can use, reuse and build upon the material published in the journal for any purpose, even commercially.