Design and Numerical Analysis of a Plug Nozzle

Authors

  • Sidali Haif Université de Blida1, Aeronautics and Space Studies Institute, aeronautical sciences laboratory
  • Hakim Kbab Université de Blida1, Aeronautics and Space Studies Institute, aeronautical sciences laboratory
  • Amina Bnekhedda Université de Blida1, Aeronautics and Space Studies Institute, aeronautical sciences laboratory

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3849/aimt.01523

Keywords:

approximate method, aerospike, fluent ANSYS, function of Prandtl Meyer

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to simulate the flow in the plug nozzle. Further, the evolution of the parameters of this flow was studied. The mass of the nozzle and of the exhaust gases was calculated by the simulation. In addition, all these results are then compared with those obtained by the numerical calculations. In the second part of the study, the method of an approximate method was used to generate the profile of the plug nozzle for different values of heat capacity ratio γ and the number of exit Mach. Finally, our results are compared with those obtained numerically and experimentally (available in open literature).

References

HAGEMANN, G., H. IMMICH, T.V. NGUYEN and G.E. DUMNOV. Advanced Rocket Nozzles. Journal of Propulsion and Power, 1998, 14(5) pp. 620-634. ISSN 0748-4658.

TOMITA, T., N. KUMADA and A. OGAWARA. A Conceptual System Design Study for a Linear Aerospike Engine Applied to a Future SSTO Vehicle. In: 46th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit. Nashville: 2010, pp. 5485-5492. DOI 10.2514/6.2010-7060.

NASUTI, F. and M. ONOFRI. Methodology to Solve Flowfields of Plug Nozzles for Future Launchers. Journal of Propulsion and Power, 1998, 14(3), pp. 318-326. ISSN 0748-4658.

ARNOLD, G.A. Jet-propulsion Nozzle for use at Supersonic Jet Velocities [online]. Washington, 1954 [viewed 2021-01-12]. Available from: https://patentimages.storage.googleapis.com/de/46/26/8ff00295efc3bf/US2683962.pdf

KRASE, W.H. Performance Analysis of Plug Nozzles for Turbojet and Rocket Exhausts. New York: American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1959.

HERMAN, K. and F.M. CRIMP Jr. Performance of Plug-type Rocket Exhaust Nozzles. ARS Journal, 1961, 31(1), pp. 18-23. DOI 10.2514/8.5373.

RAO, G.V.R. Spike Nozzle Contour for Optimum Thrust. Planetary and Space Science, 1961, 4, pp. 92-101. DOI 10.1016/0032-0633(61)90125-8.

ANGELINO, G. Approximate Method for Plug Nozzle Design. AIAA Journal, 1964, 2(10), pp. 1834-1835. DOI 10.2514/3.2682.

BALASAYGUN, E. Experimental Analysis of Plug Nozzles [online]. Arizona: The University of Arizona, 1964 [viewed 2021-01-09]. Available from: https://repository.arizona.edu/handle/10150/347480

JOHNSON, G.R., H.D. THOMPSON and J.D. HOFFMAN. Design of Maximum thrust Plug Nozzles with Variable Inlet Geometry. Computers & Fluids, 1974, 2(2), pp. 173-190. DOI 10.1016/0045-7930(74)90012-7.

ROMMEL, T., G. HAGEMANN, C.-A. SCHLEY, G. KRULLE and D. MANSKI. Plug Nozzle Flowfield Analysis. Journal of Propulsion and Power, 1997, 13(5), pp. 629-634. DOI 10.2514/2.5227.

RUF, J. and P. McCONAUGHEY. A Numerical Analysis of a Three Dimensional Aerospike. In: 33rd Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit. Huntsville: University of Alabama, 1997. DOI 10.2514/6.1997-3217.

HAGEMANN, G., H. IMMICH and M. TERHARDT. Flow Phenomena in Advanced Rocket Nozzles - the Plug Nozzle. In: 34th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit. Cleveland, 1998. DOI10.2514/6.1998-3522.

ITO, T., K. FUJII and A.K. HAYASHI. Computations of Axisymmetric Plug-Nozzle Flowfields: Flow Structures and Thrust Performance. Journal of Propulsion and Power, 2002, 18(2), pp. 254-260. DOI 10.2514/2.5964.

BESNARD, E., H. HU CHEN, T. MUELLER and J. GARVEY. Design, Manufacturing and Test of a Plug Nozzle Rocket Engine. In: 38th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit. Indianapolis, 2002. DOI 10.2514/6.2002-4038.

ZEBBICHE, T. Supersonic Plug Nozzle Design. In: 41st AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit. Tucson, 2005. DOI 10.2514/6.2005-4490.

SHAHROKHI, A. and S. NOORI. Survey of the Central Plug Shape of the Aerospike Nozzle [online]. In: 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference. Auckland, 2010 [viewed 2021-02-02]. Available from: https://vcscm.org.au/intranet/proceedings/17afmc_proceedings/PDF/300_Paper.pdf

KARTHIKEYAN, N., A. KUMAR, S.B. VERMA and L. VENKATAKRISHNAN. Effect of Spike Truncation on the Acoustic Behavior of Annular Aerospike Nozzles. AIAA Journal, 2013, 51(9), pp. 2168-2182. DOI 10.2514/1.J052139.

CHUTKEY, K., B. VASUDEVAN, and N. BALAKRISHNAN. Analysis of Annular Plug Nozzle Flowfield. Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, 2014, 51(2), pp. 478-490. DOI 10.2514/1.A32617.

SHANMUGANATHAN, V.K, N. GAYATHRI, S. KABILAN and K. UMANATH. Comparative Study on Performance of Linear and Annular Aero-Spike Nozzles. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2015, 9(11), pp. 883-892. ISSN:1991-8178.

KUMAR, K.N., M. GOPALSAMY, D. ANTONY, R. KRISHNARAJ and B.V.V CHAPARALA. Design and Optimization of Aerospike Nozzle Using CFD. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2017, 247, 012008. DOI 10.1088/1757-899X/247/1/012008.

NAIR, P.P., A. SURYAN and H.D. KIM. Computational Study on Flow Through Truncated Conical Plug Nozzle with Base Bleed. Propulsion and Power Research, 2019, 8(2), pp. 108-120. DOI 10.1016/j.jppr.2019.02.001.

FERLAUTO, M., A. FERRERO and R. MARSILIO. Fluidic Thrust Vectoring for Annular Aerospike Nozzle. In: AIAA Propulsion and Energy 2020 Forum. Seatle: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2020. DOI 10.2514/6.2020-3777.

ALSHIYA, K.S.A., M. SANTHOSH, V.K. SANTHOSH and S.S. GOPAL. Experimental Analysis of Jet Flow in an Aerospike Nozzle. Materials Today: Proceedings, 2021, 46(9), pp. 3444-3450. DOI 10.1016/j.matpr.2020.11.783.

KBAB, H., M. SELLAM, T. HAMITOUCHE, S. BERGHEUL and L. LAGAB. Design and Performance Evaluation of a Dual Bell Nozzle. Acta Astronautica, 2017, 130, pp. 52-59. DOI 10.1016/j.actaastro.2016.10.015.

IMMICH, H. and M. CAPORICCI. Status of the FESTIP Rocket Propulsion Technology Programme. In: 33rd Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit. Seattle: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1997. DOI 10.2514/6.1997-3311.

Downloads

Published

13-03-2022

How to Cite

Haif, S., Kbab, H., & Bnekhedda, A. (2022). Design and Numerical Analysis of a Plug Nozzle. Advances in Military Technology, 17(1), 17–32. https://doi.org/10.3849/aimt.01523

Issue

Section

Research Paper

Categories