Concrete Targets with Heterogeneities under Impact Loading
Keywords:concrete, heterogeneity, impact, noise, Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics
The main aim of the paper is to present an elegant procedure for introducing heterogeneity to simplified computational models. A computational model is considered here to be theoretically any numerical model that includes material with structural strength. Heterogeneity then means the randomness in material parameters which allows a simplified model to behave like the comprehensively described structure of a material. The whole procedure is explained using the example of a material model of concrete in the form of a concrete block (target) which is exposed to high-speed impact loading. Even though the described procedure for the introduction of heterogeneity to computational models can be applied during the use of practically all numerical methods, the Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method will be used due to the type of loading involved. The creation of the presented procedure was prompted by the constantly increasing number of input parameters used with material models. Elementary material models with a minimum of inputs can be used when applying the procedure. The end of the paper deals with the improvement in use that enables heterogeneity (i.e. randomness of material structure) to be created in such a way that a simplified model reflects real material structure as much as possible and not only the variations of mathematical functions.
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